Answers

1. “Special K” is a PCP-like
drug that can cause users to believe they’ve been contacted by
extraterrestrials.

(a) strange, but true. Various
users of the dissociative anesthetic ketamine (AKA “K”
or “Special K”) — including early researcher Dr. John
Lilly — have reported that they felt in telepathic contact with
extraterrestrials while under K’s influence. None has produced
autopsy photos or other forms of proof, though, despite the fact
that Fox would probably pay a
fortune for
the TV rights.

2. Hash oil is
derived from hashish and rarely contains other drugs.

(a) true. In nearly all cases, hash oil really
is just that, a concentrate of hashish in an alcohol solution.

3. Which can increase the risk
of HIV infection?

(d) all of the above.
Although only heroin
and other injectable drugs are linked
directly
to transmission of the virus that causes AIDS (through the sharing
of contaminated needles), alcohol, cocaine, and other drugs can
lead to
high-risk
sex
, which can increase risk
of infection.

4. Which of the following drugs
is most often linked to incidents of date rape?

(c) alcohol. Although the sleeping
pill Rohypnol® was labelled
the date-rape
drug by the media in the mid-’90s (since it could be slipped
undetected into an unsuspecting woman’s drink and caused full
or partial amnesia in victims), all the drugs listed (and perhaps
all drugs
period) have been linked to date rape. Still,
alcohol figures into more reports of date rape
and sexual assault than any other drug.

5. The main active ingredient
in most forms of “herbal ecstasy” is:

(b) ephedrine. The main ingredient in most forms of
herbal ecsasy is the natural bronchodilator
ephedrine,
with other natural stimulants (including caffeine) thrown in
to impress the gullible. The natural antidepressant St. John’s
wort hasn’t turned up in herbal “E” yet, but that doesn’t
mean it
won’t, given the tight new controls the U.S.
Food and Drug Administration has imposed on over-the-counter
sale of ephedrine. [P.S. If you guessed (c) you’re right, too
— maybe even
more right. Give yourself full credit.]

6. “Ecstasy” is:

(a) an amphetamine-based
hallucinogen.
“Ecstasy”
is known pharmacaologically as MDMA. Its chemical structure is
similar to both mescaline and amphetamine.

7. What’s the best treatment
for heroin overdose?

(a) mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Making the victim of a heroin overdose
throw up not only doesn’t help, it can even make things
worse. Since most heroin users inject the
drug, there’s no good reason to induce vomiting.

8. Does cocaine produce dependence?

 (a) yes. Like
other potent stimulant drugs, cocaine can cause serious
dependence.

9. Which is used in Native American
religious ceremonies?

(c) peyote. The peyote cactus, which grows in the
southwestern U.S. and Mexico, is still used in ceremonies of
the Native American Church. Religious use of peyote dates back
thousands of years.

10. Which class doesn’t cause physical dependence?

(b) hallucinogens. While hallucinogens do not cause addiction
or withdrawal problems, all opiates and barbiturates do.

11. “Designer drugs”
are:

(b) copycat chemicals
designed to mimic illegal drugs.
Designer
drugs are designed to simulate such controlled drugs as heroin
and amphetamine. Since they’re usually untested, they can pose
serious risks to
unwitting human guinea pigs.

12. Alcohol contains about how
many calories per ounce?

(c) 200. Beverage alcohol contains about 200
calories per ounce. Add mixer, a pineapple slice, and a little
straw umbrella, and you come up with lots of calories–but no
nutrition. (
Unless you eat the pineapple or umbrella.) 

13. The most
potent form of marijuana or cannabis is:

(a) hashish. Ganja and kif are common names for marijuana in India
and the Middle East.

14. Which is most likely to
trigger overdose with alcohol?

(c) barbiturates. In combination, alcohol and other depressant
drugs can produce a deadly
synergy, with
effects more multiplicative than additive. Translation? Mix alcohol
and downers, and 3 + 3 doesn’t add up to 6, but something more
like 9. And for some people, it can add up to a lot more than
that.

15. What side effects are linked
to long-term use of anabolic steroids?

(d) all of the above. Synthetic versions of the male sex hormone
testosterone, steroids can cause a number of side
effects, including heart disease, acne, and impotence. Need any
other reasons to leave them alone?

16. Which drug causes the most
proven birth defects?

(c) alcohol. The No. 1 cause of birth defects in America
is
alcohol. Babies born to women who drink during
pregnancy can suffer permanent defects known as
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Even occasional drinking can cause problems, and may increase chances of stillbirth,
growth retardation, and miscarriage.

17. The most-widely used tranquilizer
in America is:

(a) Xanax. Although Valium held the top spot for
years (and, for a while, was the most widely-prescribed drug
of all),
Xanax rules the roost today. Both are members
of the drug family known as
benzodiazepines.

18. A cheap, smokable form of
cocaine is known as:

(e) b and d. Both “crack” and “rock”
are the
same thing–a form of cocaine sold in small
chunks, which are smoked by users. But no matter
what you call it, crack has made a name for itself
as the new king of street drugs–and as one
mother
of an addiction. 

19. On the street, PCP is sold
as:

(d) all of the above. Even though PCP is used medically only
as an animal tranquilizer, that hasn’t stopped people from
wolfing it down. The reason it so often travels under
aliases is that it’s so unpredictable and so often unpleasant
that users don’t exactly
clamor for
it or ask it for it by name. Large doses can cause hallucinations,
delusions, amnesia, and overdose.

20. “Ice” is a smokable
form of which drug?

(a) methamphetamine.
A concentrated form of
crystal methamphetamine, “ice” is smoked, just like
crack cocaine. It carries
all the risks
of traditional amphetamine use, and
then some,
due to the rapid onset of its effects and the intensity of its
high, plus the unknown hazards of direct exposure of lung tissue
to meth vapors.

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