|Title:||Ritalin: Fast Facts|
|Publisher:||Do It Now Foundation|
|Publication Date:||June 2007|
Overview: Ritalin® is a drug used to treat
attention deficit-disorder (ADD) in children and adults. A central
nervous system stimulant, Ritalin (or methylphenidate) is similar
to both amphetamines and cocaine, although its effects are generally
milder and less pleasurable. Still, the increasing prevalence
of ADD has prompted concerns about the potential of the drug
-- and others like it -- for overuse.
Side Effects: May include insomnia, rapid or arrhythmic
heart beat, dizziness, irritability, and headaches. More severe
reactions include agitation, changes in appetite and sleep habits,
weight loss, and facial tics. Overdose is possible.
Legal Status: Methylphenidate is a Schedule II controlled substance, and both production and distribution are tightly controlled.
Trends: The U.S. has the highest rate of both ADD diagnosis
and methylphenidate use in the world, with an estimated 1.5 million
U.S. children currently using the drug each school day, with
millions more taking such other ADHD medications as Adderall-XR®
This is one in a series of publications on drugs, behavior, and health by Do It Now Foundation.
Please call or write for a complete list of available titles, or check us out online at www.doitnow.org.