Name Examples Progressive symptoms Management
Acetaminophen Tylenol™, Datril™ Nausea, vomiting, sweating, kidney failure, breathing difficulties, delirium, unconsciousness Acetaminophen OD response
Alcohol beer, wine, liquor Mood swings, impaired motor skills, slurred speech, rapid pulse, vomiting, coma, respiratory failure Depressant OD response
Amphetamines Desoxyn™, Preludin™, methamphetamine, "crystal," "ice" Excitement, dilated pupils, agitation, tremors, fever, rapid/irregular pulse, delirium, hallucinations, convulsions, coma Stimulant OD response; psychological crisis response
Antidepressants

1) tricyclics: Elavil™, Triavil™, Sinequan™, Tofranil™

2) MAO Inhibitors: Parnate™, Nardil™

3) Others: Prozac™

1) Dilated pupils, agitation, confusion, hypertension, hallucinations, convulsions, unconsciousness

2) Headache, vomiting, rapid/irregular pulse, agitation, seizures

3) Nausea, vomiting, agitation, seizures

Anticholinergic OD response

Anticholinergic OD response

Anticholinergic OD response

Antihistamines Atarax™, Benadryl™, PBZ™, Vistaril™ Anxiety or depression, dilated pupils, irregular pulse, fever, delusions, convulsions, coma Depressant OD response
Aspirin Anacin™, Bufferin™ Abdominal pain, vomiting, ringing in the ears, deep/rapid breathing, fever, sweating, delirium, convulsions, coma Aspirin OD response
Atropine Donnatal™
scopolamine
hyoscyamine
jimson weed
Blurred vision, dry mouth, vomiting, rapid pulse, headache, hot/dry skin, difficulty swallowing, excitement, confusion, delirium, convulsions, unconsciousness Anticholinergic OD response
Barbiturates Butisol™, Mebaral™, Nembutal™ Slight pupil constriction (pupils may dilate in extreme OD), slurred speech, slowed reflexes, respiratory depression, coma Depressant OD response
Benzodiazepines Ativan™ , Librium™, Valium™, Xanax™ Drowsiness, confusion, slowed reflexes, impaired coordination, dizziness, coma Depressant OD response
Caffeine No-Doz™, Vivarin™, OTC stimulants and diet aids Nervousness, excitement, rapid pulse, nausea, vomiting,fever, tremors, delirium, convulsions, coma Stimulant OD response
Cocaine crack, rock, freebase CNS arousal (followed by depression in severe OD), confusion, nausea, vomiting, anxiety, hallucinations, rapid/irregular/shallow breathing, coma, cardiac arrest Stimulant OD response
Hallucinogens 1) Organic: psilocybin, peyote
2) Synthetic: LSD
3) Amphetamine-
based: MDA, MDMA

1 & 2) Psychological effects predominate; hallucinations, delusions, anxiety

3) Same as 1 & 2 above with amphetamine OD symptoms

1 & 2) Psych. crisis response

3) Stimulant OD response

Inhalants 1) Aerosols: Freon™, isobutane
2) Solvents: gasoline, plastic cement, industrial solvents
Numbness, hallucinations, delusions, rapid/irregular pulse, respiratory depression, heart failure

Slurred speech, dilated pupils, hallucinations, delusions, rapid/irregular pulse, headache, vomiting, coma, heart failure
Inhalant OD response
Marijuana marijuana, hashish Disorientation, rapid pulse, panic Psych. crisis response
Narcotics codeine, heroin, morphine, Demerol™, Dilaudid™, Percodan™ Drowsiness, shallow breathing, muscular flaccidity, pinpoint pupils, slow pulse, cold/clammy skin, unconsciousness, respiratory failure Depressant OD response
Phenothiazines Compazine™, Stelazine™, Thorazine™ Drowsiness, dry mouth, fever, impaired motor skills, muscular rigidity, tremors, facial grimacing, low temperature, irregular pulse Depressant OD response
PCP/Ketamine angel dust, sherms,
K, Special K
Blank stare, rapid pulse, vomiting, muscular rigidity, anesthesia, convulsions, stroke, respiratory failure PCP OD response

This is one in a series of publications on drugs, behavior, and health published by Do It Now Foundation.
Please call or write for a complete list of available titles, or check us out online at
www.doitnow.org.